I remain convinced, I am intuitively certain, that literary texts, as the products of human beings, creatures whose public and private lives are pervaded by intentions, have the intentions of their authors encoded in them; and if we can often comprehend intentions while conversing with living human beings, we can do the same while reading the sentence on a page. There are, to be sure, great epistemological mysteries here. Nonetheless it is our common experience that, via speech, oral or written, we may gain access, however indirect, to others’ purposes. To deny this is to enter the wilderness of solipsism.
The New Moses: A Matthean Typology, 1-2.